Friday, May 11, 2007
When I have an essay for a homework I used to worry how am I going to write it. With the help of this class I feel a lot more confidante about writing an essay. By practicing writing essays"observational essay, reflective essay...etc" on a weekly bases and posting them online (which makes you feel more responsible about what you write, knowing that it is accessible for others to view it). I have learned how to express my opinion, and organize my sentences showing my point of view in creative ways. Work shopping is a very important tool in my writing processes. When I am done with my first draft on an essay, I discuss my ideas and main point of this essay with my studying group. I find it very interesting to listen to other people opinions. I believe this way has improved my writing processes. I discovered getting feedback is a very useful tool in the writing processes. As I mentioned feedback is a very important tool in the writing processes, the most helpful and important feedback was my teacher feedback for many reasons. Some of those reasons are, my teacher knows my weak points and the strong ones. The teacher is the most capable person of criticizing my work in a positive way.
During the class period I have gained lots of vocabulary from reading and searching. I learn how to organize sentences. I gain more speaking skills thru my writing skills development which made me more fluent in speaking English. I develop the brain storming technique and I start applying it in most of my school assignments. Since English is my second language, I deal with new vocabulary day after day. So, I am still working on this part. In addition, I m working on my writing skills to develop from writing as beginner to writing as professional by covering some areas such as grammar, reading novels or fictions, writing, searching….etc.
Friday, May 4, 2007
Legalizing marijuana is one of the important issues which have occupied many people's minds, especially governors who are responsible about this issue. Marijuana is the most commonly used drug in the United States. It comes originally from Cannabis sativa plant which contains four hundred chemicals. THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannainol) is the most effective on brain, motor coordination, heart rate, level of anxiety, and on the respiratory system. Even though marijuana has some positive effects which have been known from the past, it still should not be legal because the negative effects are more serious.
Marijuana has been used in the past for several purposes. To decide about marijuana legalization and be convinced about this decision, people first should know about marijuana and Cannabis's history. Cannabis sativa plant has been cultivated back for thousand years. Two thousand years ago, Chinese were growing marijuana. However, Egyptian mummy had cultivated a likely plant that contains THC long before the Chinese. This plant has been known to be a native plant of India which originated north of the Himalayan Mountains. Lester Grinspoon and James Bakalar write in their book about the different usage of this plant in the past. It has been cultivated ten thousand years ago. In China by 4000 B.C. and in Turkestan by 3000 B.C. It has long been used for medical purposes. In China, it was recommended for malaria, constipation, rheumatic pains, and female disorder. In India, it was recommended to quicken the mind, lower fevers, induce sleep, cure dysentery, stimulate appetite, improve digestion, relieve headaches, and cure venereal disease. In Africa, it used for dysentery, malaria and other fevers (3). Between 1978 and 1984 seventeen states of the U.S. had the permission of using marijuana in treating glaucoma and the nausea induced by cancer chemotherapy; because of the many problems, the permission has fallen into abeyance (18). All these were in the past; life always develops and improves to find better solutions and replacement.
There are positives which might qualify some people to argue to legalize it. Bernie Alexander argues that since tobacco and alcohol are legal even though they kill; marijuana should be legal. This is against the government logic. In the same way that tobacco and alcohol improve the economy, marijuana can generate millions for the government in taxes (3). If marijuana were legal, that would save government lots of money, because the government spends lots of money chasing people who sell marijuana. Government also can get money from taxes if marijuana were legal. Some states in the U.S. agree that marijuana should be legalized for medical uses such as cancer, AIDS, glaucoma, and epilepsy. Currently, there are nine states which have legalized marijuana for medical uses; Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Nevada, Oregon, and Washington. Marijuana is a social element which can help people to make relationships, likewise people who drink, shop, or walk together.
In contrast to these positive aspects of marijuana, the negative effects of marijuana on our body and how it works against the brain, lungs, and other organs, are all supports of showing emphasis in the prohibition against legalizing marijuana. In the brain, there are groups of cannabinoid receptors which these are activated by a neurotransmitter; THC mimics and blocks the actions of neurotransmitter. That causes adverse effects on mind and body; that also effects on behaviors. From the commercial, audiences can realize that, even though it was showed on funny way. Many studies showed that marijuana has more negative effects than tobacco. Marijuana has a lot of harmful effects. It increases the heart rate and blood pressure. It also decreases blood flow to limbs which might require amputation. In addition, it reduces the number and quality of sperm, and it influences the immune system. Marijuana smokers have the same effect on their lungs among tobacco smokers, but due to the deep inhalation and the holding of smoke among marijuana users, it can be three to five times greater. Those who claim that marijuana is a medicine; they have no scientific evidence to support their claim. The writers wrote that marijuana as it has been known can be used in therapy. However, there are many defects during the therapy. For example in cancer chemotherapy, if the nausea and vomiting cannot be controlled; patient's complaints may cause doctors to lower the dose; and jeopardize the effectiveness of the therapy (Grinspoon and Bakalar 23).
In addition, the most important issue which can convince people about keeping marijuana prohibition is that marijuana can be smoked by kids and teenagers. Marijuana is very easy to be obtained in the U.S. It can be grown in homes, farms, and many other places. It can also smuggle into the United States from Mexico, Cambodia and Thailand. That demonstrates why marijuana users of teenagers have been doubled from 1992 to 1999. Marijuana dealers do not care if the customers are underage or not. On the other hand, alcohol dealers care. Marijuana is the most popular drug; this fact should awake parents and let them be more careful. Parents have to warn their children and tell them about the risk and consequences of using marijuana. Kids who smoke marijuana are always in trouble and risky behavior, like having sex, trouble with law or losing money. These consequences effect on their future and on the country's future.
In conclusion, marijuana is a dangerous problem which should never be legalized. Under all the circumstances that encourage and make it easier to obtained marijuana, people should educate themselves about the negative and the positive side of marijuana; moreover, knowing about the marijuana's history would help. There is no longer any doubt that marijuana has useful properties. All these information can make the right decision about legalizing marijuana. Then parents or even adults could take an action about it, thinking about their children or young bothers, sisters, relatives, or friends.
Alexander, Bernie. “The Legalization Of Marijuana.” Ask men. 22 Nov 2006.
Grinspoon, Lester and Bakalar, James. Marihuana: The Forbidden Medicine. New
Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1997.
Thursday, May 3, 2007
“The Lottery” short story by Shirley Jackson is a story which has a lot of literary devices, but what distinguishes this story from the others? It has many foreshadowing phrases that give a hint or suggestion of future events. So, when the reader reads this story, he will read it as indistinctly prophetic; wondering about all these phrases that don’t make sense, or phrases indicating danger or death.
First of all, this story is about a lottery which is a traditional custom in a small New England village with three hundred people. It happens every year; in the end of the story the reader will realize that the winner of the lottery will be stoned to death. The reader can discover that this lottery is unusual before he comes to the end of the story. When the reader reads that boys are gathering stones, he will wonder what does stone have to do with the lottery. There isn't any relation between a lottery and stone. “Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example.” It doesn’t make sense, but it gives the reader a hint that something will happen with these stones. Then, the writer mentioned that children are reluctant to participate in the lottery; so, I think that the stones and children's reluctance means that something bad or dangerous might happen.
After that, if the reader focuses on many names in the story, he will absolutely discover more foreshadowing. For example, Delaroix is not only a name; it has a meaning that coincides with the events of the story. In French it means "of the cross". Like the other names, Mr. Graves refers to a tomb or grave also. All these names with their symbolic meanings refer to death, and that what actually happened to the winner.
Then, if the reader focuses on "Black Box" of the lottery, he will find the foreshadowing from the black color. It reminds the reader of a coffin and that refers to death.
Finally, all of the expressions in the story were about nervousness, arguments, and complaining. The following quotes are examples:
‘He blinked his eyes nervously and ducked his head as several voices in the crowed said things like “Good fellow, Jack,” and “Glad to see your mother’s got a man to do it.”’…
‘They grinned at one another humorlessly and nervously.’…
‘..turning them over and over nervously.’…
‘you didn’t give him time enough to take any paper he wanted. I saw you. It wasn’t fair!’ Tessie Hutchinson shouted to Mr. Summers…
A girl whispered, ‘I hope it’s not Nancy.’
All these expressions indicate that lottery is something negative and danger.
In conclusion, sometimes in stories even what usually is positive could be negative, but the reader needs to find these signs which indicate something is going to happen. As it has been mentioned above; actions that do not make sense, weird names which fit to the events and make sense, and the expression. All these arguments have given the reader an idea, about a thing will happen in the end.
Because the Druze considered Tariq al-Hakîm to be the incarnation of God, they were persecuted by mainstream Muslims, especially after Hakîm's death in 1021. The Druze took up taqiyya ("dissimulation"), a practice whereby they conceal their true beliefs and outwardly accept the religious beliefs of those amongst whom they live, even as they secretly retained their true convictions.
*take care of one another *renounce all other religions *avoid the demon (the calf?) and all wrongdoers *accept divine unity in humanity *accept all of al-Hakim's acts *act in total accordance to al-Hakim's will *Central in the the Druze world system is the belief in reincarnation, where all souls are reborn as humans, good as well as bad. Good people have a more fortunate rebirth than bad people. Behind this system is the belief that man cannot reach perfection and unite with God. Hell and heaven in this world view differ from most other Middle Eastern religions, and bear clear resemblances with Gnostic philosophy and religion, as heaven is only spiritual, where man stops being man and is saved from more rebirths. Hell is just as spiritual and is the distance from, and the longing to, unity with God which goes on in life time after life time for the bad.
Estimates of their total numbers range from a half million to one million. One source states that the approximate population of Druze in 1987 was:
Other Arab Countries: about 40,000.
Elsewhere: about 70,000.
Total: about 755,000.
The American Druze Society (ADS) was founded in the late 1940s. As of early 2006, they have three cultural centers in the U.S. in California, Michigan and Virginia, in addition to local chapters elsewhere.
The European Druze Society (EDS) was founded in Munich, Germany. They have established representatives in various Druze communities throughout the European Community (EU).
Tuesday, April 24, 2007
Educators should have a degree in the subject they r teaching. Not only a degree, they should also have achieved high scores in these subjects because high scores reflect understanding of the subject. From what I know the majority of people are able to teach a four year old the ABCs but a very small portion of educators are able to teach university level subjects. Professors should have tactics and strategies to teach so that all students can understand what is being taught. With the right experience the teacher will understand all different personalities of students so that the whole class understands.
Yes teachers are very important to the quality of the university but what is equally important is the directors and administrators that keep this organized and disciplined. Like in any job there is always a boss to watch over and make sure everything runs on time and smoothly and these directors are here to lay down the law. They organize the teachers, students, classes, and everybody’s time. Making sure nothing illegal is going, as perjury, and that the standard of education is constant. These directors are huge part in the quality of university.
Educators and directors can do the best they can but without motivated students who want a higher education there is no reason to have a university. Why is it that admission to Harvard, Stanford…etc so hard to obtain? Because there first rule is no one under a 4.0 average. Obviously they realized that the higher the average of the student the more the student is willing to work hard for the degree. Intern makes the university of higher quality.
There are basic qualities that all universities have to meet or else they won’t be certified but it doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s the best education. Directors, teacher and students play the whole part in the quality of the school. It’s up to you whether you are a teacher, administrator or student to be of quality or not.